Shion Fomani was born on 3rd of January 1325 in Foman city. He spent three years of primary education in Rasht and then moved to Kermanshah and spent the second three years of high school there until he obtained his natural science diploma in 1345. In Kermanshah, he was connected with the literary circles and poets of this city and was in contact with people like Jafar Darvishian and Abbas Darvish.

In 1346, Shion entered the Knowledge Corps in Tarem, and a year later, he was employed by the Department of Education of Mazandaran province, and in 1348, he entered married life. In Kochi, he was in charge of management and teaching in one of the Foulad schools in Sari neighborhood and was engaged in teaching until 1351. After that, he continued this job in other parts of Gilan.

The last years of life

He was diagnosed with kidney failure in 1372, and a year later he moved to Tehran to treat this failure by dialysis, and in the same year, despite severe pain, he managed to obtain a bachelor’s degree in Persian literature from Tarbiat University. Shion retired in 1376 after years of teaching.

passed away

He died in Shahrivar 1377 after a period of chronic kidney disease and a kidney transplant in one of the hospitals in Tehran. According to his will, his tomb is located in Suleiman Darab tomb of Rasht, next to the tomb of Mirzakochek Jangili and near his mother’s grave.

Shion Fomeni and literature

As one of the successful bilingual poets, Shion Fomeni spread the local and native Gilaki poetry, which was being forgotten, to the other side of the borders of our country, and on the other hand, in the field of Persian poetry, by publishing collections of Persian poetry and presenting formats The usual and conventional Persian poetry is considered one of the most influential and capable poets of contemporary poetry. Research and research in the field of culture and literature of Gilan and presenting a collection of Gilaki poems in the form of sonnets, poems and local couplets are among his works. In addition to these, songwriting is one of Shion’s literary and artistic aspects. With his skill, mastery and mastery of local and Persian music, sounds and melodies, he is the most successful songwriting poet, and many of his songs have been sung by famous singers in this field. Named. In addition to Gilki poetry and Persian poetry, Shion has had interesting activities in other literary fields, including: children’s poetry and literature, short stories, and screenplays, which are naturally considered another part of his abilities.

Farsi and Gilki Shion’s works

In Persian poetry, Shion Fomeni left lasting poems in both classic and new ways. Shion’s ghazals are among the most prominent contemporary ghazals of Persian poetry, which places him in the ranks of the most distinguished ghazal poets in today’s neoclassical ghazal field. Shion’s ghazals contain the imagination and thinking of Indian style poets, similes, metaphors, images and modern language along with allegory, composition, theme and beautiful paradoxes. Such as: this trip (this time), Khorsakhvari, Tanned, Chamosh Pa Taweh, etc., it is actually seen that he easily manipulates words and creates an imaginative space with them.

In his sonnets, even the rhymes are very natural and beautiful. He himself says: weight, rhyme, and line, if thought about, is a cheap piece of paper that is not used to prick. His language recognition is related to the selection of the softest common words and he unconsciously avoids dry and harsh words. He has combined eloquence with imagination and beauty, especially that all of his poems and collections have the air of the north and the atmosphere of Gilan can be clearly seen in his poetry. This kind of ecologicalism, which is one of the elements of his style, is one of the products of Nimai’s modernism, which connects the poet with his environment. Along with the ghazal, in the field of classical poetry, quatrains, couplets, masnavis and odes have been among the tests of the poet, which we always see Shion’s capabilities and successes according to the capacity of the formats. But the new poems and the white poems have been among the most worrying moments of the poet’s writing, when we see the other face of the poet in this format, how much expressive, linguistic, emotional, etc. capacities the poet has brought with him, to the point that a poet with all of them Beautiful and pleasant sonnets show a special tendency to write white poems.

Pish Pai Berg (selected poems): This collection of poems is taken from and selected Persian poems of the poet in the form of ghazal, masnavi, quartet, two-verse, new and white, from the late forties to the early seventies of Shion’s poetry. Publisher: Shaher, first edition of spring 1374.

A flying sky (selected poems): This collection of poems is taken and selected from the poet’s Persian poems in the form of ghazal, quatrain, two-verse, new poetry, and white poetry from the late forties to the early seventies of Shion’s poetry. Publisher: Shaher, first edition of spring 1374.

From you to you: this collection includes ghazal, quatrain, couplet, masnavi composed by the poet, by Hamed Fomeni. Publisher: Khajasteh, first edition 1378, publisher of the second third edition

The river in the spring: this collection includes the poet’s white poems with an introduction by Shion about his view of poetry and poetic language, by: Hamed Fomeni, publisher: Khojaste, first edition 1378. publisher of the second third edition

Kuche Bagh Harf: This collection includes all the poems of the poet in the form of quatrains, which have been compiled and edited in one book, by the effort of: Hamed Fomeni. Publisher: Hedayat, first edition 2012.

Khyale Garde Gij (Perse Khyal): a collection of Gilki poetry with Persian transliteration and transliteration and explanation and explanation of Gilki words and terms written at the beginning of this book by Shams Langroudi, Hafez Mousavi, Dr. Ahmed Abu Mahboob, Dr. Alireza Hassanzadeh, comments and views These characters are mentioned about Shion’s poetry and literary position, and a note written by Hamed Fomeni about how to compile this book is mentioned. Through effort and research: Hamed Fomeni, publisher, third edition, 1387

The audio album of the Gilki poem “Gab Dekfete Bazaar” by Hamed Fomeni and the collaboration of Gilan theater artists. This Gilki poem has been published in the form of a verse play narrated by Hamed Fomeni and performed by theater artists, and at the end with the performance of a Gilki song with the voice of Saeed Tadhardari and the composition of Akbar Kanani.

The audio album “Halachin” (a collection of Gilki songs by Shion Fomeni) has been published with the voice of Nasser Masoudi, composer: Masoud Lahiji, music arrangement: Reza Fedai, narration: Hamed Fomeni.

Commemoration and naming of the street

On November 27, 1399, the second street in the area of Kolahdoz street was renamed as Shion Fomeni.